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Fire incidents can wreak havoc on companies, resulting in financial, physical, and emotional strain on both business owners and employees. The right insurance policy can alleviate the financial burden, but before purchasing fire insurance, it's wise to fully comprehend the inclusions and basic exclusions.

The first step in selecting the policy you want is understanding the common perils that may be covered. A typical fire policy covers buildings, plant and machinery, stocks, and other assets.

Read More: 5 Easy Steps to Claim Fire Insurance

12 Fire Insurance Perils

Here's a shuffled list of 12 standard fire insurance policy perils:

Natural Calamities: Standard fire insurance protects against storms, cyclones, hurricanes, and floods, but not earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. Additional coverage is available for these exclusions.

Lightning: This covers damages caused by lightning, such as harm to the roof or building.

Riots, Strikes, or Terrorist Activity: This includes losses or damages from external, violent situations like riots, strikes, or terrorist acts.

Aircraft Damage: Special perils insurance covers loss or damage caused by aircraft or other aerial devices.

Subsidence and Landslide: This covers damage from landslides or subsidence, with exclusions for normal cracking, coastal erosion, and defective design or materials.

Fire: Generally, fire damage is covered, excluding destruction caused by fermentation or natural heating.

Missile Testing Operations: This covers damages from missile testing operations.

Leakage from Automatic Sprinkler Installations: This includes accidental leakage from sprinkler installations, excluding damages during repairs or alterations.

Bush Fire: This covers bush fire damage but not forest fires.

Bursting/Overflowing of Water Tanks, Pipes, and Apparatus: This covers damages from bursting pipes, water tanks, and apparatus.

Impact Damage: This covers damage from direct contact with any vehicle or animal not belonging to the insured or their employees.

Explosion/Implosion: This covers damages from explosions or implosions, excluding losses to boilers, economizers, or machinery producing steam.

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For Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) or start-ups, fire damage can be financially draining and halt business operations. Fire insurance can fund replacements or repairs, keeping your business afloat. While most fire insurance policies cover the above-mentioned perils, consulting with an expert before purchasing a policy for your business is always advisable.


Q. How does the claim process work for fire insurance, and what documents are typically required to file a claim?

A. To file a fire insurance claim, first report the incident to the insurer immediately. Then, submit a detailed claim form. Include documents like the fire brigade report, photographs of damage, and purchase receipts. An adjuster assesses the loss. Therefore, accurate documentation speeds up the process. Insurers then verify details before approving the claim. This streamlined process ensures businesses recover swiftly from their losses.

Q. What factors influence the cost of fire insurance premiums for businesses?

A. The cost of fire insurance premiums varies based on several factors. These include the business's location, the type of industry it operates in, and the value of insured assets. Risk factors, like the presence of flammable materials, also play a role. Safety measures in place can lower premiums. Therefore, businesses should assess these aspects to estimate their insurance costs. Understanding these factors helps businesses find the right balance between coverage and cost.

Q. Can businesses customize their fire insurance policies to include specific perils not covered under a standard policy?

A. Yes, businesses can customize fire insurance policies to meet their unique needs. This involves adding riders or endorsements for specific perils not covered in a standard policy, such as earthquakes. Customization ensures comprehensive protection. However, it might increase the premium. Consulting with insurance experts can help businesses tailor their policies effectively. This flexibility allows for better risk management and peace of mind.